An Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) in the United States is a judge and trier of fact who both presides over trials and adjudicates the claims or disputes involving administrative law.
An Assistant State’s Attorney(ASA), or “state prosecutor”, is the title applied to all attorneys working in a state’s attorney’s office, with the exception of the state’s attorney. An ASA is hired or appointed to the position by the elected state’s attorney and derives the power to act on behalf of the state in criminal prosecutions through the state’s attorney.
ASAs decide what criminal charges to bring, and when and where a person will answer to those charges. In carrying out their duties, ASAs have the authority to investigate persons, grant immunity to witnesses and accused criminals, and plea bargain with defendants. The caseload of an ASA is generally regarded as being high in volume, with an ASA having anywhere from a few dozen to several hundred active cases at any given time.
Generally the benefits of this role include the opportunity to amass trial experience, perform a public service, and network professionally.